Prediction-Association-Verification-Evaluation (PAVE) Procedure – This procedure encourages students to 1) predict a word’s meaning within the context it appears, 2) consult a dictionary to find the correct meaning, and 3) re-evaluate their predictions. Vocabulary words addressed on the FCAT are also presented within context when a definition is required.
There was no sound but the cracking of the wagon as it floundered through the sour-smelling mud and over mammoth tree roots
Association or Symbol
|One Good Sentence:||The mammoth ship sailed out of the harbor slowly.|
|Verified Definition:||Something of great size.|
|Another Good Sentence:||The mammoth redwood trees can be found in California.|
- The teacher assigns a passage to be read by the students along with vocabulary words or phrases. As they encounter each of their vocabulary words, students complete a PAVE map.
- The student writes the sentence in which the word appears.
- The student writes the word again in isolation.
- The student writes a sentence using the word to show an initial understanding of the word’s meaning.
- The student looks up the word in the dictionary and writes its definition.
- The student compares the dictionary’s definition with the sentence she or he wrote and, if necessary, writes a new sentence.
- The student draws a visual representation of the word to help her/him remember its meaning.
Bannon, E., Fisher, P., Pozzi, L., & Wessel, D. "Effective definitions for word learning." Journal of Reading. 1990: 34, pp301-302.