QAR is a questioning strategy that emphasizes that a relationship exists between the question, the text, and the background of the reader. In this strategy, students are taught to use four question/answer relationships (QAR’s) to find the information they need to answer the question.
- The teacher introduces QAR and explains the four types of question/answer relationships (QAR’s).
- The teacher models the QAR process by using a short reading passage. First read the story and questions to the students. Then identify which QAR’s are evidenced through the questions given. Finally, answer questions and discuss .
- The teacher practices identifying the QAR’s with the class.
- The teacher provides independent practice.
- The teacher gradually increases the length and complexity of the texts used with QAR.
- The students continue to use QAR throughout the year, across the curriculum in science, social studies, health, etc.
Think & Search – The answer is in the selection, but students need to put together different pieces of information. The answer is found in more than one place. This is the most common QAR on the FCAT.
Right There – The answer is in the text and is usually easy to find. The information is found in one place. This QAR is seldom used on the FCAT.
Author & You – The answer is not explicitly stated in the text. They need to think about what they already know, what the author tells them in the text, and how it fits together. This QAR is not often used on the FCAT.
On My Own – The answer is not text-based. Students may be able to answer the question without reading the selection by using their own experiences and background knowledge. This QAR is not used on the FCAT.
Raphael, T. "Question-answering Strategies for Children." The Reading Teacher, 1982 36(2), pp.186-191.