Subject: Multicultural/Social Studies/Art
Cartoon-Truth or Tale
Grade Levels: 6 through 12
- To analyze efficacy of visual representations when accompanied by narratives or not
- To understand the power of suggestion from symbolism
- To understand how artists use color to convey their message
- Research locations on the Internet for comparison and contrast
Sunshine State Standards:
- Grades 6-8
View all Sunshine State Standards
- Grades 9 - 12
- LA.A.2.4.1, 2.4.5, 2.4.8
- Sketch pads
Procedure: Poster analysis
Nazi Propaganda Illustrations
National Archives and Records Administration:Poster Analysis Worksheet
- What are the main colors used in the poster?
- What symbols (if any) are used in the poster?
- If a symbol is used, is it
- clear (easy to interpret)?
- Are the messages in the poster primarily visual, verbal, or both?
- Who do you think is the intended audience for the poster?
- Consider the tabloid by Julius Streicher, "Der Stümer," in which a medieval illustration depicts ritualistic murder of children, a medieval antisemitic myth. What irony can you identify?
- What does the Nazi Government hope the audience will do?
- What Nazi purpose(s) is served by the tabloid?
- Go to the antisemitic cartoon by Seppla (Josef Plank) - an octopus with a Star of David over its head has its tentacles encompassing the globe. Compare this imagery with the song - "He's Got the Whole World in His Hands." Is there a correlation?
- The most effective posters use symbols that are unusual, simple, and direct. Is this an effective poster?
Middle School Discussion
- Which of the objects on your list are symbols?
- What do you think each symbol means?
- Which words or phrases in the cartoon appear to be the most significant? Why do you think so?
- List adjectives that describe the emotions portrayed in the cartoon.
High School Discussion
- Describe the action taking place in the cartoon.
- Explain how the words in the cartoon clarify the symbols.
- Explain the message of the cartoon.
- What special interest groups would agree/disagree with the cartoon's message? Why?
Compare and contrast three cartoons for:
- Aesthetic value
- Create a cartoon depicting a message of propaganda relating to current events.
- Create a second cartoon combining a current event which parallels [to some degree] with the Holocaust.
- Have students share their cartoons with the class
- Have each student defend his or her position:
- telling why they used particular imagery
- subject matter
- Compile students' cartoons into a book
- Circulate the book throughout the school
- Donate it to the school library
The quality of the student's work can be assessed by :
- Peer and/or teacher review.
- Set up your classroom and library as a Holocaust Gallery and Museum.
- Constructive criticism of each other's work
- Plan an exhibition for the school
- Offer your work as a traveling show to other schools and art councils within the community.
A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
Produced by the Florida Center for Instructional Technology,
College of Education, University of South Florida © 2005.