Resistance during the Holocaust
Subject: Social Studies
Grade Levels: 9 through 12
Sunshine State Standards:
- to understand types of resistance
View all Sunshine State Standards
- Grades 9-12
- SS.A.1.4.3, 3.4.9, 5.4.5
- SS.C.1.4.1, 2.4.3
All materials are available through the Florida Holocaust Museum; St. Petersburg, Florida
- The Courage to Care, video and teaching guide
- Define and discuss resistance and distinguish types of resistance.
- Show the video Courage to Care, using the accompanying teachers guide discuss key ideas. Discuss righteousness and what made some people rescuers.
- What evidence for resistance existed? Give examples.
- Research the partisans. Identify their main objective during the Holocaust. Compare the reasons of both Jew and non-Jew for joining the partisans. In which countries did Jewish partisans fight?
- Explain the difference between partisans and underground fighters/resisters.
- Research the facts behind the proposed Auschwitz bombing. What were the reasons given for bombing the area? What makes the War Department memo of February 1944 so ironic? Hold a debate to discuss whether or not Auschwitz should have been bombed by the Allies. Have them discover who finally did destroy a crematorium in Auschwitz.
- War Department Memo of February 1944: "We must constantly bear in mind that the most effective relief which can be given the victims of enemy persecution is to ensure the speedy defeat of the Axis."
- Compare and contrast to recent world events. Discuss
- Investigate the White Rose Resistance. Who was Kurt Huber?
- Discuss several reasons why Jewish armed resistance in the ghettos and concentration camps was difficult and, in some cases, impossible.
A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
Produced by the Florida Center for Instructional Technology,
College of Education, University of South Florida ©2000.