This month, my colleague Deborah Kozdras has contributed the post “Trace-Based Case: The Mystery of the Mounds.” I wanted to supplement that Florida post with a collection of Native American resources from outside Florida to use during Native American Heritage Month. The collections and artifacts below include:

  • High school level audiobook and reading passages.
  • The Gran Quivira iBook is suitable for middle and high school students and includes information about the Puebloan People of the American Southwest.
  • The Native American music can be used at all levels.
  • The maps can introduce an exploration of how tribes were removed westward as the colonies, and then states, expanded.
  • The illustrations can can be used for activities around historic events, cultural practices, and Native American artifacts.
  • Finally, the photos offer additional views of artifacts for study. The dolls from the Ann E. Barron Multicultural Miniatures Collection can lead to interesting activities even in the youngest grades. Although the dolls are contemporary creations, they are from the region indicated and are generally made with traditional natural materials.

Speech Cautioning Americans To Deal Justly with His People

Chief Seattle was a Duwamish chief, also known as Sealth, Seathle, Seathl, or See-ahth, and a leader of the Suquamish and Duwamish Native American tribes in what is now the U.S. state of Washington. Listen to this speech from 1854 on the Lit2Go website. Duration: 10 minutes 44 seconds.

The Surrender of Chief Joseph

Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce surrenders to General Nelson A. Miles in October of 1877. A short passage from the Lit2Go website. Duration: 1 minute 28 seconds.

The Last of the Mohicans

The Last of the Mohicans by James Fenimore Cooper is a novel that takes place during the French and Indian War following the adventures of Nathaniel “Natty” Bumppo and his two Mohican companions as they attempt to rescue the daughters of a British commander. Listen to the Lit2Go audiobook.

Gran Quivira iBook

The Gran Quivira: A Blending of Cultures in a Pueblo Indian Village iBook is the story of the Native American Puebloan People and the Spanish attempt to bring roughly 10,000 American Indians into Spanish society. Created by FCIT for the NPS as a part of the Hispanic Heritage iBook series. 76 pages + 76 glossary terms, 52 MB download

Native American Illustrations

Two hundred illustrations of Native Americans and their customs, housing, and other artifacts from the ClipArt ETC website.

Native American Music

Six Native American songs and chants from the Florida Memory Program. Performers include Josie Billie, Fred Beaver, and Billy Bowlegs III.

Native American on ClipPix

The Native American ClipPix gallery includes a mix of pottery, dolls, and architectural ruins. Photographs from the ClipPix ETC website.

Le Moyne Engravings

A collection of 10 galleries of engravings based on drawings Le Moyne made on his trip to Florida. While there, he documented the lives of the Timucua Indians, who had already been visited by Jean Ribault two years earlier.

Miccosukee Photos

Gallery of Exploring Florida photos of the Miccosukee Reservation including views of Chickees and a dugout canoe. There are also a few Miccosukee Indian Village photos on the ClipPix ETC site.

Distribution of the Indian Tribes, 1686

A map of the Dominion of New England (1686), showing the early settlements and the general tribal lands of the Pawtuckets, Massachusetts, Wampanoags, Narragansets, Nipmucks, Pequods, and Mohegans.

The Iroquois Country, 1768

A map of the Finger Lakes region of Upstate New York showing the Iroquois Six Nations lands as established by the Fort Stanwix treaty of 1768. The map show the expansion of English colonial settlers into the upper Hudson River Valley area, including the building of forts and the settlements of Albany, Schenectady, and Oriskany.

The American Indian Nations, 1776

An early map of the southeastern North America around 1776, showing the American Indian Nations of the region at the time. The map shows colonial boundaries extending from the Atlantic coast to the Mississippi River, towns, forts, and rivers.

Removal of Southern Indians, 1830 to 1834

A map showing the removal of southern Native Americans including the removal of the Florida Seminoles from their reservation in 1832. The removal efforts were instrumental in the lead-up to the Second Seminole War from 1835 to 1842.

The Northwest Indian Wars, 1790–1811

A map of the area around the Wabash River showing the sites of the American Indian Wars between 1790 and 1811, including the Northwest Indian War (1785–1794) and Tecumseh’s War (1810–1811). The map shows the forts and rivers of the area, including the Maumee River, site of the Battle of Fallen Timbers near present day Toledo (August 20, 1794), and Tippecanoe River, site of the Battle of Tippecanoe near Prophetstown (November 7, 1811).

Peninsular Florida Reservation, 1824 to 1832

A map of the primary pre 1832 Native American reserve in Florida showing original treaty lines and amended reserve lines in the large peninsular reservation.

Native American Delimitations, 1763–1770

A map of the American colonies and territories west to the Mississippi River between the end of the French and Indian War of 1763 and the beginnings of westward expansion of the trans–Appalachian colony proposed in the Vandalia Project (1770), shortly before the American Revolutionary War. The map shows the proclamation line of the British colonies established in 1763 that defined the western boundary of the colonies along the watershed divide of the Appalachian Mountains, and the various delimitation lines of Native American lands established by treaties between 1763 and the Treaty of Lochaber between Britain and the Cherokee (1770).

Campaign in the Northwest, 1794

A map of the area in Ohio showing General Anthony Wayne’s campaign against the Indians during the Northwest Indian War (1785–1795). The map shows the site of General Arthur St. Clair’s defeat near Fort Recovery (November 4, 1791), the sites of Fort Miami, Fort Defiance, Fort Wayne, Fort Recovery, Fort Greenville, Fort Jefferson, and Fort Washington, and the site of Wayne’s battlefield on the Maumee River, known as the Battle of Fallen Timbers (August 20, 1794), the final battle of the Northwest Indian War. From the Maps ETC website.