Using Context with Vocabulary – This strategy helps students build vocabulary using contextual clues.
- The teacher selects a vocabulary word from a passage to be read by the students. The passage can be photocopied and distributed, or it can be made into an overhead transparency and projected onto a screen.
- Introduce the strategy to be used when encountering an unknown word.
- Look – before, after, and at the word.
- Reason – connect what you know with what the author has written.
- Predict – what could the word possibly mean?
- Resolve or Re-do – decide whether you know enough, should try again, or consult a reference material or expert.
- Discuss each step as you go through the process. Provide plenty of opportunities for independent practice. With time, this process should become automatic for them.
Blachowicz, C., & Zabroske, B. "Context instruction: a metacognitive approach for at-risk readers." Journal of Reading. 1990: 33, pp.504-508.