C. Building Student Portfolios
Portfolios are a similar, yet different aspect of performance assessment.
Student portfolios are designed to document students' efforts, progress,
and achievements. Although they consist of collections of student
products, assessments, and reflections, they are not (strictly speaking)
assessments. A portfolio is a purposeful collection of artifacts
that tells the story of a person and her/his skills, achievements,
and/or growth, illustrated by a selection of her/his work. The selection
of portfolio content and material should be based upon goals and
standards, and it should include a broad range of accomplishments
(including products, essays, quizzes, hobbies, etc.). Student portfolios
can take many forms, including paper or electronic.
Portfolios have been created for years by
putting examples of student work into folders and notebooks. This
is an excellent way of displaying written or graphic skills, and
it is easy to measure growth by comparing the work at different
Multimedia portfolios are essentially
a combination of textual, visual, and auditory components or artifacts
(paper and electronic) that have been digitized for viewing on a
computer or other digital viewing device. Multimedia portfolios
can be in the form videotapes or files on a disk, CD-ROM, DVD, or the World
Wide Web. In some cases, the portfolios are created "by scratch"
in a word processor or on a website; in other cases, a school might
license a commercial portfolio program/manager. Electronic portfolios
often include recitations, reports, presentations, or performances
by the students.