Photos: Budapest MemorialsClick on a thumbnail image to view the full photograph.
Carl Lutz Monument Carl Lutz was a Swiss diplomat who is credited with saving the lives of 62,000 Jews in Budapest. Lutz stood up to the Nazi authorities and issued thousands of "protective letters" to Jews. He also claimed diplomatic immunity for numerous "protective houses" he established around the city. The monument is located in the former Jewish quarter of the city. Carl Lutz monument. Detail of Carl Lutz monument. Detail of Carl Lutz monument. Detail of Carl Lutz monument. Detail of Carl Lutz monument. Raoul Wallenberg Monument Raoul Wallenberg was a Swedish diplomat who issued thousands of "protective passes" for Hungarian Jews. He courageously distributed the passes even to Jews who were already loaded onto death trains. He disappeared after the Russian liberation of Budapest and is presumed to have died in Soviet custody. The monument is located in Szent Istvan Park in Budapest. Detail of Raoul Wallenberg monument. Detail of Raoul Wallenberg monument. Detail of Raoul Wallenberg monument. Detail of Raoul Wallenberg monument. Dohány Street Synagogue The Dohány Street Synagogue was used as a collection point for the Jews of Budapest. As many as 10,000 Jews were housed in and around the synagogue. The Dohány Street Synagogue was built in the Moorish style. The synagogue's interior has been recently restored. The synagogue's 27 Torah scrolls were saved from Nazi desecration by two priests who buried them in a Christian cemetery and returned them after the war. Other objects from the adjoining Jewish Museum were hidden in the cellar of the National Museum for safekeeping. About 5,000 Jews are buried near the synagogue. The yard is opened on January 18 each year for a commemoration ceremony. Memorial stones. A brick wall has been built to remind visitors of the ghetto wall that trapped the Jews of Budapest. The actual wall was made of wood.
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A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
Produced by the Florida Center for Instructional Technology,
College of Education, University of South Florida © 2005.