Photos: The Warsaw Ghetto, IClick on a thumbnail image to view the full photograph.
Jews stand in line with what few possessions they can carry during their relocation to the Warsaw ghetto in late 1940. They will be searched by the German police before entry into the ghetto. Jews led through the streets by German police in Krakowskie Przedmiescie, Warsaw, Poland in the early 1940s. On October 2, 1940, the Warsaw ghetto was formally established. Six weeks later, on November 15, the ghetto was sealed with walls, as shown in this 1941 photograph. "Ghettoization" restricted the rights of Jews, created deplorable living conditions, and clustered Jews into condensed areas facilitating their eventual deportation to extermination camps. Warsaw ghetto. Boundary wall on Elektoralna Street. Members of the Nazi occupation authorities gather outside a wall dividing the ghetto from the rest of Warsaw. Joseph Goebbels called the ghettos "death boxes." In 1940, this brick wall was built sealing the Warsaw ghetto off from the rest of the city. Approximately 138,000 Jews were herded into this ghetto while 113,000 Poles were evacuated from this section of the city. Two Jewish police in Wegrów, a part of the Warsaw Province. The entrance to the Jewish Police Station in the 4th precinct of the Warsaw ghetto. The Jewish police and the Judenrat were established by the Nazis and were charged with enforcing the orders of the German authorities concerning the Jewish population. Warsaw ghetto, January 1942. Pedestrian bridge over Chlodna Street connecting the "big ghetto" to the north with the "little ghetto" south of Chlodna Street. The bridge was constructed to allow the tram to pass uninterrupted through the ghetto. Ghetto ration card for October 1941. This card officially entitled the holder to 300 calories daily. One form of Nazi plunder was the circulation of substitute bank notes for use exclusively in the ghetto. This ghetto "money" had no value outside of the ghetto.
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A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
Produced by the Florida Center for Instructional Technology,
College of Education, University of South Florida © 2005.