Photos: Plötzensee Memorial CenterClick on a thumbnail image to view the full photograph.
"At this site, hundreds of people died as victims of judicial murder during the years of Hitler's dictatorship from 1933 to 1945 because they fought against the dictatorship for human rights and political freedom. Among them were members of all social classes and almost every nation. With this memorial center, Berlin honors the millions of victims of the Third Reich who were defamed, maltreated, deprived of their freedom, or murdered because of their political convictions, religious beliefs, or racial ancestry."
--Ernst Reuter, Mayor of Berlin, 1951
Entrance to the memorial. The memorial is dedicated to the victims of Hitler's dictatorship during the years 1933-1945. The execution site of Berlin-Plötzensee Prison. Over 2,500 people were murdered in this building. The victims of Plötzensee were sentenced to death by the courts for opposing the regime. This small building consists of only two rooms. The southern room now houses an exhibition documenting the practice of the National Socialist judiciary. Executions took place in this, the northern, of the two rooms. Victims were beheaded with an axe until the installation of a guillotine in 1937. In late 1942, facilities were added for hanging up to eight persons at a time. In the courtyard stands an urn with soil from concentration camps as a memorial to the victims.
Source of quotation and other facts: Brigitte Oleschinski, Plötzensee Memorial Center published by the German Resistance Memorial Center, Berlin.
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A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust
Produced by the Florida Center for Instructional Technology,
College of Education, University of South Florida © 2005.