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Two-Column Notes for Causes and Effect

This strategy helps students identify and/or explain cause and effect relationships found in both informational and literary texts by using a graphic organizer.

  1. The teacher introduces the graphic organizer.

  2. The students read the assigned text.

  3. The students complete the two-column notes using their knowledge of the story.

  4. The students list causes on the left-hand side of
    the chart.

  5. The students identify the effects of the listed causes on the right-hand side of the chart.

  6. The students share their cause and effect notes with the class.

    Santa, C. (1993). Pegasus: Teacher implementation guide for grade 4. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company.

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