With selected response assessment items, the answer is
visible, and the student needs only to recognize it. Although
selective response items can address the higher
levels of Bloom's taxonomy, many of them demand only lower levels
of cognition. With constructed response assessments (also
referred to as subjective assessments), the answer is not visible
-- the student must recall or construct it. Constructed response
assessments are conducive to higher level thinking skills.
In the broadest sense, constructed response assessments could refer
to almost anything other than objective quizzes, including essays,
art projects, and personal communication. For the purposes
of this lesson, constructed response assessments will focus on written
assessments-- short answer items and essays. Performance
assessment and classroom
interactions are discussed in other lessons.