Types of Data
should be a planned, purposeful process.
Before you gather the data, you must determine what
questions you are trying to answer. In other words,
what do you need to know to help your students achieve?
Then, you can proceed to collect the data that are relevant
to the question at hand.
Four general categories of data are available in schools.
Data -- enrollment, attendance, grade level, student discipline, ethnicity, gender, family background, language proficiency, etc.
Data -- standardized test results, grade point averages, classroom quizzes, student portfolios, etc.
Data -- attitudes of students, parents, or community members, usually collected by questionnaires, surveys, interviews, or observations
Data -- school programs, curricular initiatives, instructional strategies, classroom practices, etc.
Each of these data types can provide valuable information
for instructional decisions.