B. Decide if Multimedia is
Before implementing a multimedia activity, teachers need
to consider whether it is an effective way to achieve the desired
learning outcomes. In some cases, alternate tools (such as books,
manipulatives, or videos) might be more effective or efficient.
When setting instructional goals for multimedia activities, it is
critical that students learn something beyond computer skills. It
is also important that the activity focus on the lesson's content,
rather than gratuitous "bells and whistles."
When integrating a multimedia activity, consider the following:
- Multimedia activities must be relevant to the curriculum. Technology
is a tool and should be adapted to enhance the lesson -- you should
not have to adapt the curriculum so that technology can be included.
- Activities are more meaningful if they are authentic and meaningful.
Creating a chart with a spreadsheet to illustrate a concept engages
students in the process, prepares them for their future, and illustrates
the use of "real-world" tools.
- There should be sufficient resources. Some topics do not lend
themselves to multimedia simply because there are not enough resources.
Planning and classroom management are essential so that multimedia
activities do not result in frustration, for the students or the
- There should be sufficient time. Carefully evaluate the amount
of time that can be devoted to the multimedia activity. Both short-term
and long-term activities can be effective if carefully planned.