October 30: John Adams
On this date in 1735, the second President of the United States was born.
John Adams Banner
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State of the Union Addresses
In his one term as president, Adams delivered four Annual Messages to Congress (as the State of the Union Address was then known). Each address is available both in audiobook and PDF formats from the Lit2Go website.
Opponent of the Stamp Act of 1765
Adams was a vocal opponent of the Stamp Act. He believed that the Stamp Act should be opposed since it denied two fundamental rights guaranteed to all Englishmen, and which all free men deserved: rights to be taxed only by consent and to be tried only by a jury of one’s peers.
Counsel for the British
Adams server as legal counsel for the British accused of killing five civilians in the Boston Massacre shown in this illustration from the ClipArt ETC website. Six of the soldiers were acquitted. Adams is remembered for stating the following during the trial, “Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishes, our inclinations, or the dictates of our passion, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence.”