February 22: George Washington
On this date in 1732, the first President of the United States was born. Our collection of teaching resources includes historic illustrations, photos of sculptures and memorials, maps, and audiobook renditions of many of Washington’s speeches.
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Washington and the Cherry Tree
Young George from the ClipPix ETC website. This well-known story first appeared in Parson Weems’ Life of Washington, but has not been verified in any other source. According to Weems, the confrontation between the young Washington and his father took place inside their house and George is reported to have said, “I can’t tell a lie, Pa; you know I can’t tell a lie. I did cut it with my hatchet.”
Annual Messages to Congress
• First Message To Congress, January 8, 1790
• Second Message To Congress, December 8, 1790
• Third Message To Congress, October 25, 1791
• Fourth Message To Congress, November 6, 1792
• Fifth Message To Congress, December 3, 1793
• Sixth Message To Congress, November 19, 1794
• Seventh Message To Congress, December 8, 1795
• Eighth Message To Congress, December 7, 1796
Farewell Address, September 19, 1796
Washington's Congressional Gold Medal
Since the American Revolution, Congress has commissioned gold medals as its highest expression of national appreciation for distinguished achievements and contributions. Each medal honors a particular individual, institution, or event. The medal was first awarded in 1776 by the Second Continental Congress to then-General George Washington during the American Revolutionary War. Illustration from the ClipArt ETC website. Illustration of back of medal.
Washington Taking Command of the Army
Although he did not explicitly seek the office of commander and even claimed that he was not equal to it, there was no serious competition. Congress created the Continental Army on June 14, 1775; the next day, on the nomination of John Adams of Massachusetts, Washington was appointed Major General and elected by Congress to be Commander-in-chief. Illustration from the ClipArt ETC website.
Washington's Campaigns, 1776–1778
A map of New Jersey and Pennsylvania showing the campaigns of General George Washington in the area between 1776 and 1778. The map is keyed to show the route of Washington’s March from New York to Trenton and back through Princeton to Morristown (1776), Washington’s March to intercept Howe in 1777, Valley Forge and Monmouth (1778), and the British March from Elkton to Philadelphia and then to New York. One of dozens of battle maps related to Washington from the Early America section of the Maps ETC website.
Valley Forge, Philadelphia, and Brandywine, 1776–1778
A map of the area around Valley Forge and Philadelphia, site of several important operations during the American Revolution, including Washington’s crossing of the Delaware near Trenton (1776), Wilmington, the British landing site under Howe at the Elk River (1777), the American defensive position at Chadd’s Ford on the Brandywine River, retreat to Westchester and Philadelphia, the battle site near Paoli, the crossing of Schuylkill River at Norristown by Howe on his march to Philadelphia, the British encampment at Germantown, Fort Mercer, Fort Mifflin, and Valley Forge on the right bank of the Schuylkill, the winter quarters of Washington (1777–1778). One of dozens of battle maps related to Washington from the Early America section of the Maps ETC website.
Battle at the Brandywine, 1777
A map of the area in Pennsylvania south of Philadelphia detailing the Battle of Brandywine during the American Revolution (September 11, 1777). The map shows the battle site of Chad’s Ford, the Lancaster Road, the British and American positions, the headquarters of Washington at the onset of the battle and British commander Howe at the end, and the routes of Green’s march and Sullivan’s command during the battle. One of dozens of battle maps related to Washington from the Early America section of the Maps ETC website.
The Siege of Yorktown, 1781
A map of the Colonial Virginia area where the Siege of Yorktown took place in 1781. The map shows the British held city of Yorktown on the York River, the city of Gloucester, the British works, redoubts, and fortifications, roads to Hampton and Williamsburg, the American control of the York River by the fleet under the Comte de Grasse, the positions of the French troops, headquarters, and artillery under the Comte de Rochambeau, the positions and headquarters of the American troops under Washington and Knox, the position of the Virginians under La Fayette, the Moore’s House where initial surrender negotiations took place, and the field of the surrender of Charles Cornwallis. One of dozens of battle maps related to Washington from the Early America section of the Maps ETC website.
Washington's House in Fredericksburg
Ferry Farm, also known as George Washington Boyhood Home Site or Ferry Farm Site, is the name of the farm and home at which George Washington spent much of his childhood. In July 2008, archeologists announced that they had found remains of the boyhood home, which had burnt in a fire, including artifacts such as pieces of a tea set probably belonging to George’s mother, Mary Ball Washington. Illustration from the ClipArt ETC website.