October 19: John Jay
On this date in 1789, John Jay was sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. Jay served until 1795.
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Illustration of the Court meeting in the Old Senate Chamber, which it occupied from 1860 to 1935. During Jay’s tenure as Chief Justice, the Court met in the Merchants Exchange Building while the federal government was in New York and in Independence Hall and the Old City Hall while the government resided in Philadelphia. Illustration from the ClipArt ETC website.