June 19: Juneteenth Independence Day
On this date in 1865 the abolition of slavery in Texas was announced by General Gordon Granger at Galveston Island. The day has become a general celebration of the emancipation of African-American slaves throughout the Confederate South.
Use this banner on social media to share our collection of Juneteenth teaching resources regarding the struggle against slavery and the progress of emancipation in the United States.
The Emancipation Proclamation consists of two executive orders issued by United States President Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War. The first one, issued September 22, 1862, declared the freedom of all slaves in any state of the Confederate States of America that did not return to Union control by January 1, 1863. The second order, issued January 1, 1863, named ten specific states where it would apply. From the Lit2Go website. Duration: 5 minutes.
My Bondage and My Freedom is an autobiographical slave narrative written by Frederick Douglass and published in 1855. It is the second of three autobiographies written by Douglass, and is mainly an expansion of his first (Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass), discussing in greater detail his transition from bondage to liberty. Douglass, a former slave, following his liberation went on to become a prominent abolitionist, speaker, author, and publisher. Lit2Go
A map of the eastern United States showing the progress of emancipation from 1777 to 1804. The map is coded to show states and territories with dates of emancipation, including States granting emancipation by State Constitution, State Statutes (gradual), territories granting emancipation by Congressional Ordinance, and the slave holding states in 1800. From the Maps ETC website.
A map of the United States in 1821 showing the states and territories which either accepted or abolished slavery after the Missouri Compromise of 1820. The map is color–coded to show absolutely free states, states undergoing gradual abolition, free by the Ordinance of 1787, territory free by the Missouri Compromise, and slave states and territories. From the Maps ETC website.
A map of California, the Utah Territory, and the New Mexico Territory in 1850 showing the effect of the Compromise of 1850, a series of bills intending to settle the issue of slavery and abolition raised in the territories after the Mexican–American War (1846–1848). From the Maps ETC website.
The map shows the states and territories 1850-1865, and notes the stage of emancipation and dates of change, and is coded to show areas of Union States freed by state action (1861–1865), seceded states and counties excepted from the Proclamation of Emancipation, areas freed by the Proclamation of Emancipation (1863), areas freed by the Territorial Act of Congress (1862), areas freed by the Thirteenth Amendment (1865), states that entered the Union as free states (1802–1864), and the original slave states, freed by state action previous to 1861.
A map of the United States in 1860 showing the states and territory boundaries at the time, and is color–coded to show the slave States and distribution of slaves, the free states, and the territories, all open to slavery under the Compromise of 1850 from the Maps ETC website.
Frémont (1813-1890) was an American military officer, explorer, the first candidate of the Republican Party for the office of President of the United States, and the first Presidential candidate of a major party to run on a platform in opposition to slavery. Illustration from the ClipArt ETC website.
A large collection of former Florida slave narratives collected by the staff of the Folklore Project of the Federal Writers’ Project for the U.S. Works Progress (later Work Projects) Administration (WPA) from 1936-1940. Many of the narratives mention emancipation. Documents available from the Exploring Florida website.