November 20: Nuremberg Trials

On this date in 1945, the International Military Tribunal (IMT) was opened in Nuremberg, Germany. The IMT was the most famous of the series of Nuremberg Trials. Of the 24 prominent Nazis accused, 12 were sentenced to death. The Tribunal is celebrated for establishing that “[c]rimes against international law are committed by men, not by abstract entities, and only by punishing individuals who commit such crimes can the provisions of international law be enforced.”

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Nuremberg Trial Photos

Gallery of photographs of the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg including the defendants, judges, and prosecutor Robert Jackson. Photos from the A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust website.

A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust

A Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust is an overview of the people and events of the Holocaust through photographs, documents, art, music, movies, and literature. It will provide a good background of what let up to the Nuremberg Trials. The site is over 20 years old and so some media files and outgoing links will no longer function. The collection of original photos by FCIT, historic documents, plays, and maps, however, remain valuable resources for Holocaust education.