October 17: Surrender at Saratoga

On this date in 1777, British General John Burgoyne surrendered his army to American General Horatio Gates, marking a turning point in the American Revolutionary War.

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Gates Medal

Medal struck in honor of General Gates and his army. Burgoyne is represented in the attitude of delivering up his sword; and in the background, on either side of them, are seen the two armies of England and America, the former laying down their arms, from the ClipArt ETC website.

General Horatio Gates

Horatio Lloyd Gates (circa 1727 – 10 April 1806) was a British soldier turned American general during the Revolutionary War. From the ClipArt ETC website.

General Daniel Morgan

General Daniel Morgan, general from Virginia and hero of Saratoga, from the ClipArt ETC website.

Benedict Arnold

Benedict Arnold, hero of Saratoga, from the ClipArt ETC website.

John Burgoyne

Portrait of General John Burgoyne, from the ClipArt ETC website.

Gate's Headquarters

General Gate’s headquarters at Saratoga, from the ClipArt ETC website.

Encampments

Encampments of Burgoyne’s army, Saratoga and Stillwater, from the ClipArt ETC website.

Burgoyne's Campaign, 1777

A map of the area of General John Burgoyne’s Campaign in 1777, also known as the Saratoga Campaign, a series of battles between the British and Americans for control of the Hudson River Valley, from the Maps ETC website.

Routes of Burgoyne and St. Leger

A map showing the routes of the British campaigns of Burgoyne and St. Leger in 1777 during the American Revolutionary War. The map shows the route of Burgoyne from Montreal to Lake Champlain, Fort Ticonderoga, Shenesboro, Fort Edward, Bennington, Bemis Heights, and Saratoga. From the Maps ETC website.

Saratoga and Stillwater Map

Saratoga and Stillwater in 1777, from the Maps ETC website.

Battle of Freemans Farm

A plan of the Battle of Freeman’s Farm (September 19, 1777), also known as the First Saratoga, fought between the British army under John Burgoyne and the Americans under Horatio Gates and Benedict Arnold during the American Revolutionary War. From the Maps ETC website.

Bemis' Heights

A map of the area around Bemis’ Heights along the Hudson River, site of the Second Battle of Saratoga (October 7, 1777). From the Maps ETC website.

Surrender of Burgoyne, 1777

A map of the vicinity of Saratoga, New York, at the time of Burgoyne’s surrender (October 17, 1777) to the American forces under General Gates, from the Maps ETC website.

Victory at Saratoga

Map shows the victory of Americans at Saratoga in 1777, from the Maps ETC website.