July 23: Treblinka

On this day in 1942, the Treblinka extermination camp was opened in Nazi-occupied Poland. Between 700,000 and 800,000 Jews and about 2,000 Romani people were killed at Treblinka as part of the “Final Solution.” The camp operated until August 19, 1943.

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Treblinka Memorial Photos

Three dozen photos of the Treblinka memorial site from the Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust website. The photos were taken in the spring of 2001. The 1,700 stones represent Jewish communities in Europe.

Camp System Map

Map of the Nazi camp system throughout Europe, showing the location of Treblinka in occupied Poland.

Plan of Treblinka

Plan of the Treblinka Extermination Camp from a sign at the memorial. Key provided.

Stroop Report

Excerpts from the Stroop Report on the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. The uprising was the last effort to resist transportation of residents to Treblinka for extermination.

Testimonies of Treblinka SS-Men

SS-men describe their duties at the Treblinka extermination camp.

Miami Beach Holocaust Memorial

Treblinka signage along “The Lonely Path” at the Miami Beach Holocaust Memorial.

Janusz Korczak

One of the most well-knowns victims of Treblinka was Janusz Korczak. He was the director of an orphanage in Warsaw. When the children under his care were transported to Treblinka, Korczak refused sanctuary and willingly accompanied them to the extermination camp.

Korczak Memorial Stone

Only one stone at Treblinka carries the name of an individual. Photo from the Teacher’s Guide to the Holocaust website.

The Janusz Korczak Living Heritage Association Website

The Janusz Korczak Living Heritage Association website, available in both English and Swedish, contains photographs, a chronicle, list of Korczak’s books, and links to other Korczak resources.

Korczak and the Children

Korczak and the Children is a stage play by G.E. Farrell. The action of the play takes place in Warsaw, Poland between August, 1939, and August, 1942.