July 23: Treblinka
On this day in 1942, the Treblinka extermination camp was opened in Nazi-occupied Poland. Between 700,000 and 800,000 Jews and about 2,000 Romani people were killed at Treblinka as part of the “Final Solution.” The camp operated until August 19, 1943.
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One of the most well-knowns victims of Treblinka was Janusz Korczak. He was the director of an orphanage in Warsaw. When the children under his care were transported to Treblinka, Korczak refused sanctuary and willingly accompanied them to the extermination camp.
The Janusz Korczak Living Heritage Association website, available in both English and Swedish, contains photographs, a chronicle, list of Korczak’s books, and links to other Korczak resources.