June 2: Indian Citizenship Act
On this date in 1924, President Calvin Coolidge signed into law the Indian Citizenship Act granting full US citizenship to America’s indigenous peoples. It was enacted partially in recognition of the thousands of Indians who served in the armed forces during World War I. Explore FCIT’s collection of maps, illustrations, and photos related to Native Americans.
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Fourteen galleries of photos and illustrations related to Native Americans in Florida including LeMoyne’s drawing of the Timucua, the Crystal River State Archaeological Site, the mind at the Deering Estate, Lake Jackson Mounds, Letchworh Mounds, Madira Bickel Mound, Miccosukee Nation, Ortona Mound, and the Portevant Indian Mound.
A map of the Finger Lakes region of Upstate New York showing the Iroquois Six Nations lands as established by the Fort Stanwix treaty of 1768. The map show the expansion of English colonial settlers into the upper Hudson River Valley area, including the building of forts and the settlements of Albany, Schenectady, and Oriskany.
A map of the American colonies and territories west to the Mississippi River between the end of the French and Indian War of 1763 and the beginnings of westward expansion of the trans–Appalachian colony proposed in the Vandalia Project (1770), shortly before the American Revolutionary War. The map shows the proclamation line of the British colonies established in 1763 that defined the western boundary of the colonies along the watershed divide of the Appalachian Mountains, and the various delimitation lines of Native American lands established by treaties between 1763 and the Treaty of Lochaber between Britain and the Cherokee (1770).
A map of the area around the Wabash River showing the sites of the American Indian Wars between 1790 and 1811, including the Northwest Indian War (1785–1794) and Tecumseh’s War (1810–1811). The map shows the forts and rivers of the area, including the Maumee River, site of the Battle of Fallen Timbers near present day Toledo (August 20, 1794), and Tippecanoe River, site of the Battle of Tippecanoe near Prophetstown (November 7, 1811).
A map of the area in Ohio showing General Anthony Wayne’s campaign against the Indians during the Northwest Indian War (1785–1795). The map shows the site of General Arthur St. Clair’s defeat near Fort Recovery (November 4, 1791), the sites of Fort Miami, Fort Defiance, Fort Wayne, Fort Recovery, Fort Greenville, Fort Jefferson, and Fort Washington, and the site of Wayne’s battlefield on the Maumee River, known as the Battle of Fallen Timbers (August 20, 1794), the final battle of the Northwest Indian War. From the Maps ETC website.
The Last of the Mohicans by James Fenimore Cooper is a novel that takes place during the French and Indian War following the adventures of Nathaniel “Natty” Bumppo and his two Mohican companions as they attempt to rescue the daughters of a British commander. Listen to the Lit2Go audiobook.
Chief Seattle was a Duwamish chief, also known as Sealth, Seathle, Seathl, or See-ahth, and a leader of the Suquamish and Duwamish Native American tribes in what is now the U.S. state of Washington. Listen to this speech from 1854 on the Lit2Go website. Duration: 10 minutes 44 seconds.