For the past 30 years, November has been celebrated in the US as Native American Indian Heritage Month. We have assembled a variety of digital resources from FCIT’s collections to support classroom activities related to Native American Indian heritage. The collections and artifacts below include:
- High school level audiobooks and reading passages.
- The Gran Quivira iBook is suitable for middle and high school students and includes information about the Puebloan People of the American Southwest.
- The Native American music can be used at all levels.
- The maps can introduce an exploration of how tribes were removed westward as the colonies, and then states, expanded.
- The illustrations can can be used for activities around historic events, cultural practices, and Native American artifacts.
- Reading passages on Native Americans in Florida at the upper elementary reading level.
- Finally, the photos offer additional views of artifacts for study. The dolls from the Ann E. Barron Multicultural Miniatures Collection can lead to interesting activities even in the youngest grades. Although the dolls are contemporary creations, they are from the region indicated and are generally made with traditional natural materials.
The Gran Quivira: A Blending of Cultures in a Pueblo Indian Village iBook is the story of the Native American Puebloan People and the Spanish attempt to bring roughly 10,000 American Indians into Spanish society. Created by FCIT for the NPS as a part of the Hispanic Heritage iBook series. 76 pages + 76 glossary terms, 52 MB download
Fourteen galleries of photos and illustrations related to Native Americans in Florida including LeMoyne’s drawing of the Timucua, the Crystal River State Archaeological Site, the mind at the Deering Estate, Lake Jackson Mounds, Letchworh Mounds, Madira Bickel Mound, Miccosukee Nation, Ortona Mound, and the Portevant Indian Mound.
A map showing the removal of southern Native Americans including the removal of the Florida Seminoles from their reservation in 1832. The removal efforts were instrumental in the lead-up to the Second Seminole War from 1835 to 1842.
A map of the area around the Wabash River showing the sites of the American Indian Wars between 1790 and 1811, including the Northwest Indian War (1785–1794) and Tecumseh’s War (1810–1811). The map shows the forts and rivers of the area, including the Maumee River, site of the Battle of Fallen Timbers near present day Toledo (August 20, 1794), and Tippecanoe River, site of the Battle of Tippecanoe near Prophetstown (November 7, 1811).
A map of the American colonies and territories west to the Mississippi River between the end of the French and Indian War of 1763 and the beginnings of westward expansion of the trans–Appalachian colony proposed in the Vandalia Project (1770), shortly before the American Revolutionary War. The map shows the proclamation line of the British colonies established in 1763 that defined the western boundary of the colonies along the watershed divide of the Appalachian Mountains, and the various delimitation lines of Native American lands established by treaties between 1763 and the Treaty of Lochaber between Britain and the Cherokee (1770).
A map of the area in Ohio showing General Anthony Wayne’s campaign against the Indians during the Northwest Indian War (1785–1795). The map shows the site of General Arthur St. Clair’s defeat near Fort Recovery (November 4, 1791), the sites of Fort Miami, Fort Defiance, Fort Wayne, Fort Recovery, Fort Greenville, Fort Jefferson, and Fort Washington, and the site of Wayne’s battlefield on the Maumee River, known as the Battle of Fallen Timbers (August 20, 1794), the final battle of the Northwest Indian War. From the Maps ETC website.
A map of the Finger Lakes region of Upstate New York showing the Iroquois Six Nations lands as established by the Fort Stanwix treaty of 1768. The map show the expansion of English colonial settlers into the upper Hudson River Valley area, including the building of forts and the settlements of Albany, Schenectady, and Oriskany.
Scioto Valley, 1847
A map of a section of the Scioto Valley in south–central Ohio, in the vicinity of Chillicothe, showing the ancient monuments built by the Mound Builders of the Hopewell tradition. The letters A, B, C, etc. mark the ancient sites. Enclosures are shown by dashed lines, and the mounds are designated by small dots.
A map of upper New York showing the territory of the Five Nations (Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca) around 1650, with the territory of the Neutrals to the west.
A map of the United States showing the cession of Native American lands between 1816 and 1830. The map is color–coded to show the lands ceded prior to 1816, the lands ceded between 1816 and 1830 with dates of cession given, and areas unceded in 1830. Dotted lines show the areas of earlier cessions where a later cession by later tribes was required to complete the possession by the United States.
A map from 1906 of North America central Canada to northern Mexico showing the distribution and territories of the Native Americans around 1500. The boundaries are based on linguistic stock and not tribal territories. “Anthropologists of to–day determine groups on one of four sets of characteristics — physical, linguistic, geographical, and general culture.
A map from 1903 of the Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory prior to statehood (November 16, 1907), showing the boundary between the territories, the territorial capitals of Tahlequah (Indian Territory) and Guthrie (Oklahoma Territory), counties and tribe lands, principal cities and towns, railroads, mountains, and rivers.
A map of the southeastern United States showing the lands of the Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek or Muscogee, and Seminole), indicating the dates of removal to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) under the Indian Removal Act of 1830. The dates include the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek (Choctaw, 1830), the Federal purchase of Chickasaw lands and the forced removal of the Creek and Seminole, (1832), the Treaty of Payne’s Landing (Seminole, 1832), and the Treaty of New Echota (Cherokee, 1835).
A map reproduced from the works of Adolphus F. Bandelier (Fifth Report of the Archeological Institute of America, 1884) of the Arizona and New Mexico region showing the Pueblo sites in the area.
The small dotted circles stand for inhabited pueblos; those with a perpendicular line attached are ruins; and when this perpendicular line is crossed it is a Mexicanized pueblo.
A map of eastern North America and the Northwest Territory in 1763 during Pontiac’s Rebellion at the end of the French and Indian Wars. The map shows the general tribal lands east of the Mississippi River of the Ottawa, Potawatomi, Wandot, Seneca, Iroquois, Delaware, Muskingum, Shawnee, Chippewa, Saginaw, Menominee, Sauk and Fox, Winnebago, Kickapoo and Mascoutin, Miami, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Catabwa, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole, the French and British forts and settlements, the battle sites of Bushy Run and Devil’s Hole, and the routes of the British campaigns under John Bradstreet and Henry Bouquet.
Roy Winkelman is a 40+ year veteran teacher of students from every level kindergarten through graduate school. As the former Director of FCIT, he began the Center's focus on providing students with rich content collections from which to build their understanding. When not glued to his keyboard, Dr. Winkelman can usually be found puttering around his tomato garden in Pittsburgh. Questions about this post or suggestions for a future topic? Email me at email@example.com. To ensure that your email is not blocked, please do not change the subject line. Thank you!
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