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Gallery: People

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1961. Ham, the first chimpanzee ever to ride into space is shown off by his animal trainer at Cape Canaveral, Florida.

1961. The famous "hand shake" welcome. Chimpanzee Ham is greeted by recovery ship Commander after his flight on the Mercury Redstone rocket.

1961. Astronaut Alan B. Shepard, Jr., makes his way from the elevator to the cleanroom atop the service tower where he'll be inserted into his Mercury space capsule nicknamed "Freedom 7."

1961. Astronaut Virgil I. "Gus" Grissom wishes Alan B. Shepard a safe flight just before insertion into the Freedom 7 spacecraft mated on the Redstone rocket.

1961. Alan Shepard, one of the three prime astronauts, is being inserted into a Mercury capsule. A flight simulation test with a full countdown is programmed for Shepard to check out hardware and launch personnel activities in the Redstone launch.

1961. A closeup of astronaut Alan Shepard in his space suit seated inside the Mercury capsule. He is undergoing a flight simulation test with the capsule mated to the Redstone booster.

1961. Astronaut Alan Shepard photographed in flight by a 16mm movie camera inside the Freedom 7 spacecraft. Shepard is just about to raise the shield in front of his face during descent after opening of the main parachute.

1962. A briefing is given by Major Rocco Petrone to President John F. Kennedy during a tour of Blockhouse 34 at the Cape Canaveral Missile Test Annex.

1962. Elliot See and Ed White talking and drinking coffee with Nurse Dee O'Hara in Aero Med, Hangar S.

1962. Overall view of astronaut John Glenn, Jr., as he enters into the spacecraft Friendship 7 prior to MA-6 launch operations at launch Complex 14. Astronaut Glenn is entering his spacecraft to begin the first American manned Earth orbital mission.

1963. Astronaut L. Gordon Cooper in white room, waiting for Terminal Countdown Demonstrations Test (TCDT) activities to resume in preparation for his Mercury-Atlas 9 launch.

1964. Dr. Wernher von Braun explains the Saturn launch System to President John F. Kennedy. NASA Deputy Administrator Robert Seamans is to the left of von Braun.

1965. Gemini-Titan 4 (GT-4) Prime flight crew, Ed White and Jim McDivitt, at Pad 19.

1965. Astronauts James McDivitt and Ed White inside the Gemini spacecraft for a simulated launch at Cape Canaveral, Florida.

1965. Gemini 5 Prime Crew, Charles "Pete" Conrad and Gordon Cooper in their silver pressure suits are greeted by employees as they make their way to the launch pad.

1966. Dr. Werner Von Braun and Dr. Kurt Debus, Director of the Kennedy Space Center attending the Saturn 500F, rollout from the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB).

1967. Astronauts (left to right) Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger Chaffee, pose in front of launch Complex 34 which is housing their Saturn 1 launch vehicle. The astronauts later died in a fire on the pad.

1968. Apollo 7 Commander Walter M. Schirra, Jr., left, greets Dr. Wernher Von Braun, Director, Marshall Space Flight Center and Dr. Kurt Debus, Right, KSC Director, during a prelaunch mission briefing held at the Florida Spaceport.

1959. Project Mercury Astronauts, whose selection was announced on April 9, 1959, only six months after the National Aeronautics and Space Administration was formally established on October 1, 1958. They are: front row, left to right, Walter H. Schirra, Jr., Donald K. Slayton, John H. Glenn, Jr., and Scott Carpenter; back row, Alan B. Shepard, Jr., Virgil I. Gus Grissom, and L. Gordon Cooper.

1969. Apollo 10 mission officials monitor prelaunch activities within the launch Control Center's Firing Room 3 at the Kennedy Space Center.

1969. Here are some of the thousands of persons who camped out on beaches and roads adjacent to the Kennedy Space Center to watch the Apollo 11 Liftoff.

1969. The Apollo 12 lunar Extravehicular Activity (EVA) crew members, Pete Conrad and Al Bean conduct a simulation of the lunar surface activity planned for their lunar landing mission at a training session held in the Flight Crew Training Building at the Kennedy Space Center.

1969. Overall view of the Firing Room #02 in the launch Control Center during the Countdown Demonstration Test for the Apollo 12 mission.

1969. Dr. Thomas Paine, NASA Administrator, shields Mrs. Richard M. Nixon from rain while the President and daughter, Tricia foreground, watch Apollo 12 prelaunch activities at the Kennedy Space Center viewing area.

1969. These three were among the thousands of persons who camped on beaches and roads adjacent to the Kennedy Space Center to watch the Apollo launch. An estimated one million persons visited the Spaceport area to see the historic flight, this nation's first attempt to land Americans on the lunar surface.

1970. The two members of the Apollo 13 crew who will land on the Moon's Fra Mauro region in the lunar module this spring underwent a walk-through of the extravehicular activity timeline here today. Fred W. haise, Jr., Lunar Module Pilot, tries out a motorized core sampler, right, while James A. Lovell, Jr., the Apollo 13 Commander, looks on at left.

1970. Apollo 14 flight crew during lunar EVA training.

1971. Recently appointed NASA Administrator Dr. James C. Fletcher, left and Dr. Wernher Von Braun, Deputy Associate Administrator for Planning, monitor Apollo 15 prelaunch activities today in Firing Room 1 of the launch Control Center.

1971. George Carruthers, center, principal investigator for the Lunar Surface Ultraviolet Camera, discusses the instrument with Apollo 16 Commander John Young, right.

1972. Working inside the Apollo 16 Saturn V space vehicle at the launch pad, Grumman Aerospace Corporation technician Ken Crow attaches a plaque bearing the names and signatures of the Apollo 16 crew to the front leg of the lunar module's descent stage.

1972. Apollo 17 Commander Eugene A. Cernan and Lunar Module Pilot Harrison H. Jack Schmitt are preparing the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) and the Communications Relay Unit (LCRU) mission simulation. Support Team Astronaut Gordon Fullerton, standing, left, discusses test procedures to be performed in the High Bay of the Manned Spacecraft Operations Building (MSOB).

1972. Apollo 17 Lunar Module Pilot Harrison H. Schmitt shares a moment of relaxation with astronaut Alan Shepard during prelaunch suiting operations. Schmitt will explore the Moon's Taurus-Littrow region with Mission Commander Eugene A. Cernan during NASA's sixth and last manned lunar landing mission.

1975. Apollo Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) Prime Crew Member Donald "Deke" K. Slayton suits up for an altitude test of the Apollo command module in an altitude chamber of KSC's Manned Spacecraft Operations Building (MSOB).

1986. Astronaut Neil A. Armstrong receives the first Congressional Space Medal of Honor from President Jimmy Carter, assisted by Captain Robert Peterson. Armstrong, one of six astronauts to be presented the medal during ceremonies held in the Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB), was awarded for his performance during the Gemini 8 mission and the Apollo 11 mission when he became the first human to set foot upon the Moon.

1986. Crew members of mission STS-51L stand in the White Room at Pad 39B following the end of the Terminal Countdown Demonstration Test (TCDT). From left to right they are: Teacher in Space Participant, Sharon "Christa" McAuliffe, Payload Specialist, Gregory Jarvis, Mission Specialist, Judy Resnik, Commander Dick Scobee Mission Specialist, Ronald McNair, Pilot, Michael Smith and Mission Specialist, Ellison Onizuka.

1986. The STS-51L Challenger flight crew emergency egress training in the slide wire baskets.

1987. STS-26 Crew Portrait.


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