TIM Instructional Planning Model Illustration

The TIM Instructional Planning Model incorporates available technology, curriculum demands, and student needs. These three areas should be considered flexibly and iteratively by teachers planning classroom lessons. This PNG illustration has a transparent background.

Reproduced from: Harmes, J. C., Welsh, J. L., & Winkelman, R. J. (2016). A framework for defining and evaluating technology integration in the instruction of real-world skills. In S. Ferrara, Y. Rosen, & M. Tager (Eds.), Handbook of research on technology tools for real-world skill development (pp. 137-162). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.